What is the Party System in India?

Friends, we all know that there are many political parties present in today’s time in India.

Each party has its own different agenda and motto.

There are very few nationalist parties in India while regional parties are in very large numbers. Political parties play a very important role in a democracy.

So, basically in this article, we are going to learn about the party system that is pertaining in India in detail. Well, if you are someone who is looking for the same then kindly read this article till the end.

Party System in India

(1) Multi-Party System

Friends, we all know that there is a huge spread of opinion in India, and people of different cultures also live in it.

Perhaps this is the reason why most political parties are seen in India.

In fact, in all the countries of the world, you get to see the most political parties in India’s democracy.

In India, you get to see all types of parties like the Nationalist Party, Communal Party, Non-Communal Party, Right Party, Leftist Party.

(2) One-Dominant Party System

We all know very well that despite having so many political parties in India, you have got to see the dominance of only one party.

After independence, only the Congress government ruled the country for many years.

However, the Congress party’s declination started when they had to face a crushing defeat in the 1977 elections.

Since the rise of the BJP in 1980, Congress has had to face a lot of troubles.

In fact, the position has now become such that Congress has to work to save its existence.

(3) Lack of Clear Ideology

See, we all know that there are many political parties present in India, but despite this, the maximum party does not have any kind of ideology available.

Maximum parties work on a common ideology of democracy, secularism, and Gandhism. This is the most common thing you are going to find in their ideology.

More than this maximum parties including the so-called ideological parties are guided only by one consideration-power capture.

Thus, politics has become issue-based rather than ideology and pragmatism has replaced the commitment to principles.

(4) Personality Cult

Quite often, the parties are organized around an eminent leader who becomes more important than the party and its ideology.

Parties are actually known by their leaders rather than their manifesto.

It is a fact that the popularity of the congress was due to the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, and Rajiv Gandhi.

Similarly, AIDMK in Tamil Nadu and TDP in Aandhra Pradesh got identified with MG Ramachandran and NT Raman Rao respectively.

Final Conclusion on Party System in India

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