We all know that elections are considered to be a very important mode of democracy. It is said that in every democratic country, it is very important to conduct elections after a short interval of time.
In India, elections from Lok Sabha to small village panchayats were also conducted by the Election Commission of India.
See, we all know that the constitution of India is very large. In this constitution, some changes keep coming every day. For this reason, many reforms have also been done in the Electoral Act in India. Let us today try to tell you in detail about some important reforms through this article.
Electoral Reforms in India
(1) Lowering the Voting Age
Under the constitutional Reform of 61 in the Constitution of India, the voting right was further reduced from the age of 21 to 18.
The main objective behind doing this was that the youth of India can also give their important support in the process of election and become a part of the political process.
(2) Deputation to Election Commission
Officers and personnel engaged in the preparation, review, and correction of electoral rolls for elections are regarded to be on deputation to the election commission for the duration of their work, according to a 1988 law.
During that time, these individuals would be under the jurisdiction, supervision, and discipline of the electoral commission.
(3) Prohibition on the Sale of Liquor
During the 48-hour period concluding with the four-hour deadline for the constitution poll, no liquor or other intoxicants may be sold, given, or distributed at any store, dining establishment, hotel, or other public or private location inside a voting area.
Anyone who breaks this regulation faces imprisonment for up to six months, a fine of up to two thousand rupees, or both.
(4) Death of Candidate
The election was formerly counter-manded in the event of the death of a contending candidate prior to the actual polling.
As a result, the election process in the affected constituency had to start all over again.
However, if a contending candidate from a recognized political party dies, the election will not be canceled; instead, the concerned party will be allowed seven days to suggest a replacement candidate.
(5) Prohibition of Arms
Entering the vicinity of a polling place with any form of weapon is a cognizable offense punished by a fine or both.
In addition, any weapons found in the offender’s possession will be seized, and the corresponding license will be revoked.
These restrictions, however, do not apply to the returning officer, presiding officer, or any other police officer or other individual assigned to keep the polling site safe and orderly.
Final Conclusion on Major Electoral Reforms in India
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